Originally inhabiting rural areas of the Great Steppe of Central Asia in countries, such as Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, it is plausible that they have existed for over 10,000 years. The rump is broad. Other names for them include Central Asian Sheepdog, Middle Asian Ovcharka, Turkmen Alabai, Aziat, and Volkadov. Unlike most breeds today, they are not man-made or created by any specific person or country. Some countries like France, Netherlands, Australia, etc., and many more ban cropping and docking. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. This breed comprises numerous breed types. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a natural protective breed that require a non-stop observance for the life of the dog. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breeds of dogs. Section 2.2. As such, they make perfect house dogs. In Central Asia the dogs go by many different names, such as Alabai, Tobet, Koochee, Darchmarda.  Breed-specific dog anatomy includes exclusive features, such as very noticeable extremely flexible joints, false ribs, specific head set, and very strong neck with massive dewlap. In countries with highly developed open field sheepherding, major livestock herd losses may be caused by predation from feral dogs and wolf-dog hybrids, and the livestock guardian dogs must be able to protect the sheep from those. Aboriginal Central Asians as well as mixes still can be found in its countries of origin, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistanand surrounding countries.  They do not need any complicated training to learn basic house rules, and treat the owner with the same great respect with which their ancestors treated the herder. Promiscuity in aggression toward strangers and friends is highly atypical for the breed. Central Asian Shepherd dog. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.  Numerous breed representatives reside in Russia, and local kennel club officials refer to Central Asians as one of the most popular dog breeds in the country, rating them as the #1 breed in the country around 2000. Docking of the tail and ears is optional, depending on the country in which you live. Music: TULE - Lost [NCS Release] https://www.youtube.com/user/NoCopyrightSounds Central Asians are still in demand as livestock guardians, though not nearly as much as they used to be. Central Asians tend to form a social group, consisting of different members bearing different duties; thus puppies with different working qualities are normally born in the same litter. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. , The Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov wrote a book about the animal and in 2017 presented Russian President Vladamir Putin with Verni, a puppy as a birthday present.. This massive and powerful dog of above average height has a bear shaped head, a harmoniously built body with a large chest and wide back, covered in a thick and elastic, longer or shorter coat that can be one of many colors. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. After the Communist revolution, the Soviet government focused on working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best breed representatives to Russia as per military dogs' and guard dogs' requirements. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Russian: Среднеазиатская овчарка; Алабай, romanized: Sredneazïatskaya ovčarka; Alabay) is an ancient livestock guardian dog breed. Teeth should be brushed regularly. However, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog population is still stable in general, reproducing some true quality dogs praised for working abilities, regardless of country of origin. Molossoid type dog. The Central Asian Shepherd, the Alabai, or the Central Asian Ovcharka is strengthening its reputation in Europe and America as one of the best guard dogs. The fight tests were established to maintain this important breed trait. Photo about pedigree, ovcharka, domestic, white, sleep, healthy, aziat, purebred, asian, animal, breed, cute - 63653763 Only true leaders actually had to determine the strongest dog via a real fight; but this was minor, compared to their everyday duties, facing predators and venomous snakes.. Prospective owners should take note: the breed is highly protective of their family and property, so it may be difficult to bring people into your home. All about caucasian shepherd dogs and central asia shepherd dogs, standard of breeds, history, kennels, training, photo-archieve, dogshow, sale The size of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog is nearly unmatched. Although active while outdoors, they are usually fairly quiet in the house. The body is slightly longer than tall. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs do best with a large yard and are suitable for families that like daily walks. Key Breed FactsBreed CharacteristicsIntroductionHistoryAppearanceTemperamentIntelligence / TrainabilityChildren and Other PetsHealthCaring for a Central Asian ShepherdGroomingExerciseFeedingAverage Cost to keep/care for a Central Asian Shepherd They are very courageous and have a high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of territory. The Central Asian is a working breed of dog, and different breed fanciers organizations issue sets or rules and recommendations important to preserve dogs’ abilities to perform certain duties. You will find in CASDs different breed types depending on the terrain, from the mountains of Mongolia to the deserts of the Kara Kum. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog does not come from one specific country but is in fact found in a range of regions in the Central Asia area. Even though it is a low energy dog, he should have good endurance for walking and hiking. , The ancestor of the Central Asian shepherd originated in a geographical area between the Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies. It is always important to distinguish whether a dog will display aggression only toward strange, unfriendly dogs entering their territory, while establishing and maintaining the usual social relationships with other animals on the premises; or will attack regardless of whether the other dog is a member of the same social group. These early CAOs protected cattle, dwellings, and caravans o… Without working trial. The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Some breeders encourage endurance tests. It is a large to giant sized dog and has been around for over 5000 years. Modern breeding requirements by the leading kennel club in Russia include mandatory temperament tests and training titles, besides show ratings. The head is very solid, without pronounced stop or sculls. Your Dog Deserves Nothing But the Best: Meet AKC Canine Retreat in Midtown West Manhattan, iy_2021; im_01; id_08; ih_16; imh_24; i_epoch:1610151888881, py_2020; pm_12; pd_26; ph_00; pmh_06; p_epoch:1608970007512, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Sat Dec 26 00:06:47 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1608970007512. They have cropped ears, and long tail. For safety, because they are an intelligent and independent breed, they should be kept contained when exercised, such as in a fenced yard and on-leash when being walked. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has less inherited genetic diseases than a majority of the man-made breeds but still requires clearances of hip dysplasia to take the place of natural selection. The dog’s head is large and its short, powerfu… As the breed developed, three distinct breed types developed according to purpose, including herders, dog fighters, and livestock guardians. Expressive, almost human eyes, revealing inimitable intelligence, finish the portrait. Today, you will find nomadic tribes using this pedigree group of dogs to guard what they hold sacred: their family and their ancient form of transportation, be it camels or horses. Most dogs evaluated each other when met at the field and the weaker or more submissive dog left, taking the loss. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. With each name, their is a different size, type & function. Some serve as livestock guardia… We are just now seeing the difference of size, color and temperament between the native species and the modern, Russian-cultivated dogs. Central Asians from pure show lines are very rare, because most registries require working tests prior to breeding.. RKF, a FCI-recognized Russian Kennel Club, classifies Central Asians as a working dog breed, reflecting tremendous results in obedience, protection and military-related training. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and extra-large breeds. Their coats can be long or short, in white, fawn, black, or brindle. The CAO is a versatile, universal breed and fits under different descriptions at a time, what is a reason for different Kennel Clubs to classify Central Asians under different dog breed groups. It is believed to have come from a geographical area around Asia Minor, Caspian Sea, Ural, and the Northwest border of China. I took a look back at the profile we have for the Central Asian Shepherd Dog and am sharing this tidbit as I think it addresses your post. It was about dominance rather than destroying their own kind. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest of dog breeds in the world with a history spanning back more than 5,000 years. The hair is short or moderately long with a heavy undercoat. The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. It is thought to have descended from ancient cattle dogs that are related to the Tibetan Mastiff and the Mongolian Shepherd Dog. However, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog population is still stable in general, reproducing some true quality dogs praised for working abilities, regardless of country of origin. Breed Clubs in European countries seldom have requirements, while common dog sports such as Schutzhund or IPO are not perfectly suitable for a Livestock Guardian dog. Dogs seldom injured each other, inflicting mostly minor scratches within a short period of time. Coat on the muzzle, forehead, and the front of the legs is short and smooth. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Central Asian Shepherd Dog can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is self-assured, balanced, quiet, proud and independent. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs had existed in many different types of varying sizes, coats, colors and temperaments, depending on their primary use and region of origin. During the 70 years of occupied rule the breed became world known as the "Central Asian Ovcharka". Breed overview in places of aboriginal habitat, "Turkmenistan leader unveils giant gold dog statue", History of dog breeding in Southwestern Asia, Comments to the Central Asian Shepherd dog breed systematics. These dogs, to differing degrees, are protective against human intruders; they are very territorial, safe with children; they love and respect elderly people, protect all small animals from predators, and are very gentle with family members.. The Central Asian Shepherd possibly evolved over 4,000 ago as a result of natural selection in a vast region extending from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from the Ural Mountains in the north to Afghanistan in the south. The body is fairly broad, proportionate, muscles rather flat. Healthy You, Healthy Dog, Healthy New Year! These dogs are large, with short or moderately long hair and heavy undercoat. The UKC fits them together with other Flock Guardians of similar breeds, matching breeds’ natural sheep-guarding abilities, proven by breeders and farmers in the U.S.. The head is massive. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. Height at the shoulders for this breed is 26-31 inches for males, 24-27 inches for females; Central Asian Shepherd Dog weight is 110-170 pounds for males, and 90-140 pounds for females. Monstrous Central Asian Ovcharka | Alabai Compilation. One can always expect a high level of aggression toward other dogs from CAOs with a dog fighting background. Despite adverse reputation of commercial dog fights, fight tests are aimed to reveal a dog's willingness and ability to fight predators. The Turkmen Alabai is a loyal dog. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. The former USSR is credited with standardizing the breed in the 1920s, however, the recent creation of a new Russian standard years after USSR rule ended in their native lands has resulted in a modern version of the breed in Russia called the Central Asian Ovcharka. The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, Brown grey, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled. They are independent, curious and alert, yet imperturbable. The introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. The FCI classifies them as Molossoid dogs, sometimes described in different languages as Molossus- or Molosser-type dogs, likewise, reflecting the match by confirmation and common ancestry between the CAO and related breeds. Dogs for personal protection or working dogs originated from livestock guardian dogs, selectively bred by Russian breed experts for working abilities. Traditional dog fighting had always been a national tradition in places of original habitat, but they had never been cruel and destructive as pitbull-type fights. They were created by the climate and culture of an uncivilized time long forgotten. Some European Union Countries developed special tests for large breeds of dogs aiming to reveal a dog's overall stability, such as The Mentality Assessment test in Sweden. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. Most common colors are black/white; fawn of different shades, from almost white to deep red; brindle. They are territorial guardians bred to guard people and their possessions. Ears are normally cropped close to the head but are naturally small, drop, and set low on the head. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in a vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher & Schnauzer type, Molossoid Breeds, Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog requires very little grooming for their well-developed undercoat, but their once-a-year shedding is appropriately called the “fur storm.” Beyond intermittent grooming, the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. ", "Dog lover Putin gets top breed pup as gift from Turkmen leader", Central Asians in their natural environment in country of origin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Asian_Shepherd_Dog&oldid=999204176, Dog breeds originating in the Soviet Union, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 00:28. They came to America after the dissolution of the USSR, and were classified as Central Asian Shepherd. Central Asian Shepherd dogs can come from working lines, fighting lines, and livestock guardian lines, and behave accordingly, regardless of the country they come from. Two types of coat lengths are accepted without preference: Long coat. Central Asian Shepherd Dog Image Via youtube. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. Most Central Asians used for modern commercial fights come from fighting lines. and countries where CAO (Central Asian Ovtcharka) still at aboriginal stage is a common practice nowadays. Some of the most common colors for this dog breed are black and white or different shades of fawn. It is a native breed that was used traditionally for guarding flocks of sheep as well as a guard dog and then later in dog fighting. Dating back over 5,000 years according to Artifacts found in native lands.As one shepherd told us, his loyal Alabai stayed with a sheep that strayed from the flock for three days and died from thirst near her. This breed bears a strong genetic similarity to other aboriginal breeds of Livestock Guardian dogs from that region such as Georgian Shepherd (Nagazi), Kangal dog, and Akbash.. Fight tests are common in countries where the breed is still in aboriginal stage, or in the process of formation. Traditionally, the breed was used for guarding sheep and goat herds, as well as to protect and for guard duty. The Central Asian Ovtcharka (CAS) is a very large, muscular, Mastiff-type dog. Central Asian Shepherd may not be the best choice for first-time owners, as they need to handled and trained by someone who is familiar with such a large and powerful dog. The Central Asian shepherd is an ancient breed from natural selection, with records dating back over five thousand years. And, finally, the real life test for the Central Asian is simply to be a farm dog, or herd protection dog, in any country. The Central Asian Shepherd is large and powerful, with strong muscular legs, a large short head, and a thick neck with a noteworthy dewlap. They are not for first-time dog owners. The Central Asian Shepherd dogs are very robust dogs, with more than an average size, great strength and power, curious and alert. All rights reserved. The National Breed Club in Russia developed a temperament test to reveal a dog's willingness and ability to protect the premises, as well as titles in Obedience (such as OKD), and in Protection (such as ZKS or KS) for dogs in most pedigrees from Russia and other countries of that region. The Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are said to be the oldest known group of dogs in existence today, dating back over 5,000 years according to artifacts found in native lands. Some CASDs have been known to stand as high as 36 inches, and weigh in excess of 220 pounds. There are different rules, and different breeds involved. central asian shepherd molossoid dog breed facts, lifespan, personality traits, human compatibility, photos, size and coat color chart, world origin and rescue information from the online dog encyclopedia This breed is known for its fearlessness towards large predators. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. It is believed that they may be the result of mixing the Tibetan Mastiffwith other Central Asian guard dogs – though it is im… The legs are straight, with heavy boning and moderate yet defined angulation. The beautiful, majectic Central Asian Shepherd likely originated over four thousand years ago from natural selection and comprises numerous breed types that differ in size, color, head types, and hair types. Its legs are well-boned and muscular. The majority of breeders are aware of their dogs’ backgrounds, and will tell whether the dog comes from lines used for fighting. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid. BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of … Some have a black mask. Their strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. The native breed called “Alabai” historically common among Central Asian peoples. This breed presents a robust dog of greater than average size with great strength and power. Its back is broad and powerful. Their original purpose was to protect the livestock and shepherds and provide companionship. Central Asians were used by nomadic traders to protect themselves and their livestock from predators such as bears and wolves. The neck is low set, short, with dewlap. They are not for first-time dog owners. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, or the Central Asian Ovtcharka, is thought to be one of the most ancient breeds still in existence today. The word "ovtcharka" just means sheepdog or mongrel and is applied to many types of dogs from this region. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an ancient breed of dog from the regions of Central Asia.Traditionally, the breed was used for guarding sheep and goat herds, as well as to protect and for guard duty. All herders from the same area annually met together, and fought their strongest sheep guardian male dogs to pick the winner. Dog Fighting in Afghanistan - Tragedy or Tradition? . Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are the most powerful dogs of the livestock guardian type dogs. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory Regions of Central Asia. Simple pedigree research and conversation with the breeder will reveal what basic instincts one can expect from the dog. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a large-extra-large breed. Their history is merged with the civilization of man and their timeline can be found by tracing the history of the ancient Silk Road. Interacting them directly with a stranger may not be a good idea, as they are known to be aloof and wary with strangers. They seek out human attention, thus bonding with their humans first and the flock second, and they guard whatever is placed in their perceived territory. 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